T11his ability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, offer instructions to express, communicate suggestions throughout the abyss of space and also time has actually made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the universe, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
However to recognize exactly how composing started, we should most likely to ancient Sumer, where creating initial began to be used thoroughly. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these large, large temple facilities they did not serve just as habitations.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those men bringing containers filled with grain right here? These temples also offered as substantial storage facilities. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, gifts moved in.
And also in difficult times, they were separated back. This system produced a substantial wealth for the priest, but he likewise made sure that cities of this dimension could work. We don’t care now. Look beside the men who bring the grain. Do you see a male enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The icon for the cow was understood not only as a rep of the animal, but also as a word cow as such. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. As well as right here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider photos as noises as well as integrating audios with each other allows you to produce various words.
As well as when you integrate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain can indicate a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts as well as sounds, which represent thousands of pictures. We’re not done. Because how the scribes created has transformed the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you remember exactly how our buddy in the holy place includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? See him compose. See exactly how he writes from top to bottom, equally as you would certainly compose a checklist. That will certainly transform soon, due to the fact that the issue with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And also if you mistakenly rest your hand while composing inside out, you can conveniently erase the entire column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have a genuine composing system.
Original images, but also pictograms transformed from them they completely went away right into the wedge prints and lines produced by the stylus then liked. Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be created to supply listings below we have a writing system that can offer us abstract and lyrical things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we recognize all this? Funny point concerning clay: When an area burns down and also all your records are on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Writing Calligraphy with а Pointed Pen x Rossella Manganelli
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00:13 – What’s the first thing you ever wrote in Calligraphy?
01:10 – Who was the first calligrapher you met in person?
02:31 – And the latest?
02:44 – What’s your favorite tool to write with?
03:48 – What’s Calligraphy?
04:51 – What are your top 3 favorites scripts?
06:28 – What Inspires you?
07:00 – What makes you sad?
07:29 – What makes you happy?
08:01 – What is Calligraphy Masters?
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10:03 – Who are you?
10:57 – P.S.:
11:52 – Episode 14
We Are Calligraphy Episode 12 – https://youtu.be/flZPdZCVT8g
We Are Calligraphy Episode 11 – https://youtu.be/WrC7DjUV94E
We Are Calligraphy Episode 10 – https://youtu.be/fcd1QJgLFw4
We Are Calligraphy Episode 9 – https://youtu.be/Sq6rGyVmLQo
We Are Calligraphy Episode 8 – https://youtu.be/4A812NKBPbk
We Are Calligraphy Episode 7 – https://youtu.be/2au24h-nQ0c
We Are Calligraphy Episode 6 – https://youtu.be/81m9jlcmBUY
We are Calligraphy Episode 5 – https://youtu.be/8BpPNuesKw4
We Are Calligraphy Episode 4 – https://youtu.be/wxbj0yLXtO8
We Are Calligraphy Episode 3 – https://youtu.be/3kGMIEsqSmY
We Are Calligraphy Episode 2 – https://youtu.be/HfqeRHW8tog
We Are Calligraphy Episode 1 – https://youtu.be/C6dfleXOwvQ
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