T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, communicate ideas throughout the void of area and also time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
But to understand exactly how creating began, we need to go to ancient Sumer, where creating initial started to be used extensively. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as sellers.
You see the streets as well as yards. Yet what do you see overlooking it all? Temples. These temples play a big role in why writing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the initial genuine cities in the world.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those men bringing containers filled with grain right here? These temples likewise acted as massive stockrooms. Database for the immense wealth of the city. In good times, presents streamed in.
And also in challenging times, they were divided back. This system developed a huge riches for the clergyman, yet he likewise ensured that cities of this size could operate. But we do not care now. Look following to the males who lug the grain. Do you see a man seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of products, relocating to and also from the holy place everyday, they needed to maintain documents in some way. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, to make sure that the clergymans might understand specifically what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were seeking faster as well as less complicated means to tape products, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, but instead they involved an equally agreed set of more symbolic representations for items streaming right into holy locations. And you can see exactly how someone might happen, that these signs require not only stand for the concept of something, however likewise the word itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The sign for the cow was recognized not just as a rep of the animal, however additionally as a word cow therefore. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do a lot. As well as right here comes a happy etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place speaking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to think about photos as noises as well as incorporating noises together allows you to produce various words.
And when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also noises, which stand for thousands of pictures. Yet we’re not done yet. Due to the fact that how the scribes created has actually changed the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our pal in the temple includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him compose. See just how he creates inside out, equally as you would certainly create a checklist. That will transform soon, since the trouble with clay is that it takes forever to completely dry. As well as if you mistakenly relax your hand while writing inside out, you can easily erase the whole column you just keyed in.
However this danger is reduced if you begin creating from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate people, who needed to review it learned from leading to base, so they didn’t like this sideways creating. What did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the personalities 90 levels to make sure that one could turn the table and review it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have an actual writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
However it won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.