T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, offer guidelines to share, interact suggestions across the abyss of room as well as time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing jugs loaded with grain here? These holy places additionally functioned as big storehouses. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of supplies, transferring to and also from the temple daily, they needed to maintain records in some way. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will be saved later, to make sure that the priests may know precisely what they have at hand in their large temple warehouse. But although brands have their location in the initial writing, there is something far more intriguing for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has been streamlined. More abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and also easier means to tape-record commodities, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item brought to the temple, however rather they pertained to a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic representations for goods moving into sanctuaries. And also you can see just how somebody can occur, that these symbols require not only represent the concept of something, yet additionally the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to think about images as audios and also combining sounds together enables you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? View him create. See exactly how he writes inside out, equally as you would create a list. That will certainly transform quickly, because the problem with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you mistakenly rest your hand while creating inside out, you can easily remove the whole column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient people in the holy place really did not like the technology. It was much easier for scribes, but various other literate individuals, that had to read it learned from top to base, so they really did not like this sidewards creating. What did the scribes do? They simply turned all the characters 90 levels to make sure that one might turn the table as well as review it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. However due to the fact that they were upside down, they were extra abstract now. Much more different from the things and pictures they made use of to stand for. This writing system was after that adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it also extra. Variables or little characters have actually also been added to identify which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
And now you have a real writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
We use calligraphy and hand-lettering in many of our products, both stamps and printed designs. Calligrapher Bailey Amon demonstrates her basic technique. Sumi ink on Rhodia paper. Lettered using a Nikko G nib.
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