T11his capability to pass on concepts to us across generations, give directions to reveal, communicate concepts throughout the void of area as well as time has actually made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge duty in why composing began. Since Sumer was the nation of the very first actual cities on the planet.
Not thousands of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. As well as these cities produced city-states, unified by the praise of a certain team of gods. Individuals controlled irrigation and also cities grew. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs loaded with grain here? These temples also acted as significant warehouses. Database for the immense riches of the city. In great times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of products, transferring to and from the holy place every day, they needed to maintain documents in some way. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later on, so that the priests may know specifically what they contend hand in their huge holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s exactly what happened.
The icon for the cow was recognized not just as an agent of the pet, but additionally as a word cow thus. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a pleased etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to believe of pictures as sounds and also combining sounds with each other permits you to develop different words.
As well as when you integrate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon straightforward words, as an example, a sickle plus grain could indicate a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent countless pictures. We’re not done. Since how the scribes wrote has actually transformed the means we write in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our good friend in the temple includes grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See just how he composes inside out, equally as you would create a checklist. That will certainly transform quickly, because the trouble with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you accidentally rest your hand while creating inside out, you can quickly delete the whole column you just entered.
However this threat is lowered if you start creating from left to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was much easier for scribes, however various other literate individuals, that needed to read it picked up from top to bottom, so they really did not like this laterally creating. So what did the scribes do? They just rotated all the characters 90 levels so that one could transform the table as well as read it inside out as usual.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have a genuine composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
#Water #calligraphy #tricycle
Water calligraphy is a poetic activity that you can observe in many Chinese parks: Artists use a large brush to write Chinese characters using water instead of ink. Minutes after the characters are written, they disappear.
Media Artist Nicholas Hanna built a tricycle that writes Chinese characters on the ground as it moves.
His tricycle is part of an exhibition for Beijing Design Week: You can see it at the Northern Electric Relay Factory in Dashilanr, south of Qianmen gate. The exhibition opens 6pm on Saturday September 24, 2011, and runs until October 3.