T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us across generations, offer directions to reveal, connect ideas throughout the void of area and also time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the universe, shared understanding and self-understanding.
But to understand just how creating started, we should most likely to ancient Sumer, where creating first began to be utilized extensively. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and sellers.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not numerous people or countless people, yet together 10s of thousands. And these cities created city-states, united by the prayer of a certain team of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation as well as cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
But these huge, vast holy place facilities they did not offer only as habitations.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those guys bringing containers packed with grain below? These holy places likewise acted as huge warehouses. Database for the immense wealth of the city. In excellent times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of materials, relocating to as well as from the temple everyday, they required to maintain documents somehow. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, to ensure that the clergymans may know specifically what they have at hand in their large holy place storehouse. Yet despite the fact that brand names have their location in the original writing, there is something a lot more interesting for us on this wet piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to assume of images as sounds as well as combining sounds together allows you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But adequate individuals in the temple didn’t like the technology. It was much easier for scribes, however various other literate people, who needed to review it picked up from leading to bottom, so they really did not like this sidewards composing. So what did the scribes do? They simply revolved all the personalities 90 levels so that one can transform the table and read it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have a real composing system.
Initial pictures, but also pictograms changed from them they completely went away right into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus after that liked. Which suggests rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock checklists below we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we know all this? Funny point about clay: When a place burns down and also all your records are on clay, instead of being damaged, they harden and also remain.
But it will not take place here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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