T11his ability to hand down ideas to us across generations, offer instructions to express, interact concepts throughout the void of area as well as time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not numerous people or hundreds of individuals, but together tens of thousands. And also these cities created city-states, united by the praise of a particular group of gods. People regulated watering and cities grew. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these massive, huge holy place complicateds they did not offer just as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those men bringing containers packed with grain right here? These temples additionally acted as significant stockrooms. Database for the immense riches of the city. In good times, gifts streamed in.
As well as in difficult times, they were separated back. This system created a substantial riches for the priest, however he also made sure that cities of this dimension could work. Yet we do not care now. Look alongside the men that lug the grain. Do you see a male seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of supplies, relocating to and from the temple each day, they needed to maintain documents in some way. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, so that the priests might recognize exactly what they have at hand in their large temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this nice little drawing of grain has been streamlined. Much more abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and also simpler ways to videotape products, they did not busily attract every sub-item brought to the holy place, but instead they concerned a mutually concurred set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing right into holy locations. And also you can see how a person can take place, that these icons need not just stand for the concept of something, however likewise words itself.
And that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to think of photos as noises and combining noises with each other permits you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, yet various other literate individuals, that had to read it picked up from leading to base, so they didn’t like this sideways composing. What did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the personalities 90 degrees to ensure that one can turn the table and also review it inside out as typical.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have an actual composing system.
Initial photos, but additionally pictograms changed from them they entirely disappeared into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus after that preferred. Which implies rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock listings here we have a creating system that can offer us lyrical and abstract points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing thing regarding clay: When a place burns down as well as all your records are on clay, rather than being destroyed, they harden and continue to be.
However it won’t occur here for some time. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
#story #Islamic #calligraphy #Showcase #Special
It is said that Quran was revealed in Mecca, recited in Egypt and written by calligraphers in Istanbul. Although the art of Islamic calligraphy is practiced almost everywhere in the world today, it was the masters in the Ottoman empire who brought it to a new level with their distinct style and technique. In this special episode of Showcase, we take you on a journey through the story of Islamic calligraphy by speaking to some prominent calligraphers in Istanbul.
Visit our website: http://trt.world
Penmanship,Egypt,Mecca,Islamic Calligraphy,Süleymaniye,Calligraphers,History of Islamic Calligraphy,History of Calligraphy,Story of Calligraphy,Hat Sanatı,Hat,Calligraphy,Calligraphist,Arabic Calligraphy,Bilal Badat,Fatih Özkafa,Efdaluddin Kılıç,Efdaluddin Kilic,TRT,TRT World,TRT News