T11his capability to pass on ideas to us across generations, provide guidelines to express, communicate suggestions across the void of space and also time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. But what do you see towering over all of it? Forehead. These temples play a large duty in why creating started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the very first genuine cities in the globe.
Not thousands of individuals or thousands of individuals, yet together tens of thousands. And these cities produced city-states, united by the prayer of a specific team of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster as well as easier means to videotape products, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item offered the holy place, yet instead they came to a mutually concurred set of more symbolic representations for products moving into divine places. And also you can see just how a person can happen, that these signs need not only stand for the principle of something, however additionally the word itself.
And that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as here comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple chatting to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to consider pictures as sounds and also combining sounds together permits you to produce various words.
And when you incorporate that keeping that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for countless pictures. We’re not done. Because just how the scribes wrote has transformed the means we compose in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind just how our buddy in the temple includes grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? Watch him compose. See how he writes from top to bottom, equally as you would compose a checklist. That will alter soon, because the issue with clay is that it takes for life to dry. And if you inadvertently rest your hand while writing inside out, you can quickly erase the whole column you simply keyed in.
However this danger is minimized if you begin composing from delegated right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, yet various other literate individuals, who needed to review it found out from top to base, so they didn’t like this sidewards writing. So what did the scribes do? They merely turned all the characters 90 degrees to ensure that one can turn the table and review it from top to base customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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