T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, communicate concepts throughout the abyss of space as well as time has made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of individuals, but with each other 10s of thousands. And also these cities produced city-states, joined by the praise of a certain group of gods. People regulated watering and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing containers full of grain right here? These temples additionally acted as significant warehouses. Repository for the immense wide range of the city. In excellent times, gifts flowed in.
As well as in tough times, they were split back. This system produced a huge riches for the clergyman, yet he likewise made certain that cities of this dimension can function. We don’t care now. Look following to the males that carry the grain. Do you see a man viewing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with whole lots of materials, relocating to and from the holy place everyday, they required to maintain documents in some way. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, to ensure that the clergymans might recognize specifically what they have at hand in their gigantic temple warehouse. However although brands have their area in the initial writing, there is something much more intriguing for us on this moist piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a tiny photo of a grain stalk following to his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster as well as easier means to videotape commodities, they did not busily attract every sub-item brought to the holy place, but instead they involved a mutually agreed set of even more symbolic depictions for items moving into divine locations. And also you can see just how a person can occur, that these icons need not just represent the concept of something, yet additionally words itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are essential since when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think about a symbol as a word, but as an audio for that word. Stop thinking of an icon suggesting a word as well as start to consider the general meaning of its noise, which can indicate more particular points. When you do this, you will not draw photos for each word in the language.
Now you begin to believe of photos as audios as well as combining sounds with each other permits you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a genuine composing system.
Original images, yet additionally pictograms transformed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints and also lines developed by the stylus after that chosen. Which means as opposed to a handful of nouns to be written to stock checklists here we have a writing system that can provide us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we understand all this? Funny thing about clay: When an area burns down as well as all your documents are on clay, rather than being damaged, they remain and harden.
But it will not occur here for some time. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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