T11his ability to pass on suggestions to us across generations, give guidelines to share, communicate ideas across the abyss of room as well as time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and sellers.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or countless individuals, however together tens of thousands. As well as these cities produced city-states, joined by the praise of a certain team of gods. Individuals regulated watering and also cities grew. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
As well as in challenging times, they were separated back. This system developed a massive wide range for the clergyman, however he also made certain that cities of this dimension might operate. We don’t care now. Look alongside the males that lug the grain. Do you see a guy seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with lots of supplies, transferring to as well as from the holy place daily, they required to maintain documents in some way. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will be conserved later on, to ensure that the clergymans may understand precisely what they contend hand in their giant holy place warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a little image of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster and less complicated ways to tape-record commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the holy place, but rather they pertained to a mutually concurred set of even more symbolic depictions for products streaming into sanctuaries. As well as you can see how a person might happen, that these icons need not only stand for the concept of something, but likewise the word itself.
And that’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. And right here comes a pleased etymological coincidence. Do you see the people at the temple speaking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to consider pictures as noises as well as integrating sounds with each other enables you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Yet sufficient individuals in the holy place didn’t like the advancement. It was simpler for scribes, however other literate people, who needed to read it picked up from leading to bottom, so they didn’t like this sidewards composing. What did the scribes do? They simply revolved all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one could transform the table and also read it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have a genuine writing system.
Initial photos, but also pictograms changed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus pen then preferred. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be written to stock checklists here we have a creating system that can offer us abstract as well as lyrical things like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Amusing point regarding clay: When an area refute and also all your records are on clay, as opposed to being damaged, they solidify and also stay.
Yet it will not occur below for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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