T11his capacity to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to share, interact concepts across the void of space and time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the universe, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and vendors.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of individuals or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And also these cities produced city-states, united by the praise of a certain team of gods. Individuals managed watering as well as cities expanded. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing containers filled with grain below? These temples additionally worked as big warehouses. Database for the immense riches of the city. In great times, gifts moved in.
As well as in difficult times, they were divided back. This system produced a significant wide range for the priest, but he additionally guaranteed that cities of this size could function. However we do not care currently. Look alongside the guys who lug the grain. Do you see a male seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a small image of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has actually been simplified. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and less complicated means to record commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the holy place, yet rather they involved a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic depictions for products streaming right into sanctuaries. And also you can see how someone can take place, that these icons need not only stand for the principle of something, however also the word itself.
And also that’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you might hear them, it would seem like everyone was stating the very same point over and also over once more. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these factors are crucial since when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a sign as a word, but as a sound for that word. Quit thinking of a sign showing a word and also begin to think of the basic definition of its audio, which can indicate more details points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about pictures as noises as well as incorporating sounds with each other permits you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly people read characters written sideways from left to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more various from the things and pictures they used to represent. This writing system was then embraced by the surrounding Akkad as well as Elamites, that generalised it much more. Elements or tiny characters have actually also been included in identify which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And also currently you have a real creating system.
Original pictures, yet additionally pictograms transformed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints and lines produced by the stylus pen then liked. Which implies as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted stock lists below we have a writing system that can offer us lyrical and abstract things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we recognize all this? Funny feature of clay: When a location burns down as well as all your documents get on clay, instead of being damaged, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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