T11his ability to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to express, communicate concepts throughout the void of room as well as time has made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of the universe, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and also gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a huge duty in why writing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the very first genuine cities on the planet.
Not thousands of people or thousands of people, yet with each other tens of thousands. And also these cities developed city-states, united by the prayer of a specific group of gods. People managed watering and cities expanded. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
However these large, vast temple complicateds they did not serve just as habitations.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing containers filled with grain here? These holy places likewise offered as significant storage facilities. Repository for the immense wealth of the city. In great times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and less complicated means to tape commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item gave the holy place, but instead they came to a mutually concurred set of even more symbolic representations for goods moving right into sanctuaries. And also you can see exactly how someone could take place, that these symbols need not only stand for the principle of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s exactly what happened.
The sign for the cow was understood not just as a rep of the animal, yet likewise as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as right here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the temple talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to consider pictures as sounds and integrating audios with each other allows you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was much easier for scribes, yet other literate people, who had to review it learned from leading to base, so they didn’t like this sideways writing. What did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the personalities 90 levels to ensure that one can transform the table and also read it from top to base as usual.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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