T11his capability to pass on ideas to us throughout generations, provide instructions to share, communicate suggestions throughout the abyss of space as well as time has actually made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of the cosmos, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these large, substantial temple facilities they did not serve just as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
As well as in tough times, they were split back. This system created a significant wide range for the clergyman, however he likewise made certain that cities of this size could work. But we do not care currently. Look alongside the men that lug the grain. Do you see a guy viewing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of products, transferring to and also from the holy place everyday, they required to maintain records in some way. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later on, to make sure that the priests might understand specifically what they contend hand in their huge temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you can hear them, it would seem like everyone was saying the same point over and also over once more. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are made up of word make-up. Both of these points are very important because when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to think about a sign as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a sign showing a word and start to consider the basic definition of its audio, which can indicate much more certain things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think of pictures as audios and combining noises with each other permits you to develop different words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on straightforward words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas as well as audios, which represent countless photos. However we’re refrained from doing yet. Due to the fact that how the scribes wrote has actually changed the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you remember exactly how our friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
Yet this threat is minimized if you start creating from left to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was much easier for scribes, yet other literate individuals, that had to review it discovered from top to bottom, so they really did not like this laterally creating. So what did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one can turn the table as well as review it from top to base as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Initial images, yet also pictograms changed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints as well as lines produced by the stylus then liked. Which indicates as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings below we have a composing system that can provide us abstract and lyrical points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When an area burns down as well as all your documents are on clay, rather of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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Calligraphy (Visual Art Form),Round Hand