T11his capacity to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, offer instructions to share, connect concepts throughout the abyss of room and also time has made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and also gardens. But what do you see overlooking all of it? Temples. These holy places play a huge duty in why composing started. Because Sumer was the nation of the first real cities on the planet.
Not numerous individuals or hundreds of people, yet together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, unified by the worship of a certain team of gods. People managed watering and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those men bringing containers filled with grain below? These holy places likewise served as massive storehouses. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In great times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a little photo of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster and also simpler ways to tape-record assets, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item gave the holy place, yet rather they involved an equally agreed collection of more symbolic depictions for goods moving into divine areas. As well as you can see exactly how a person can happen, that these symbols need not just stand for the idea of something, but also words itself.
Which’s specifically what occurred.
The sign for the cow was understood not just as an agent of the pet, yet also as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as right here comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place speaking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are very important due to the fact that when numerous of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to consider a symbol as a word, however as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of an icon suggesting a word as well as begin to consider the general definition of its noise, which can indicate extra details points. As soon as you do this, you will not draw pictures for every word in the language.
Currently you start to assume of photos as sounds as well as incorporating audios together enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? Watch him write. See how he writes inside out, simply as you would write a listing. That will change soon, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes permanently to completely dry. And if you inadvertently relax your hand while creating inside out, you can quickly erase the entire column you just entered.
However this danger is lowered if you begin composing from left to right. However enough people in the holy place didn’t such as the technology. It was simpler for scribes, however other literate people, that needed to review it picked up from top to base, so they really did not like this laterally creating. What did the scribes do? They simply rotated all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one could transform the table as well as read it from top to bottom as usual.
Soon individuals review personalities written sideways from left to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Even more different from the pictures and also points they utilized to represent. This writing system was then taken on by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, that generalised it even much more. Variables or little personalities have actually additionally been contributed to determine which part of the speech was which, to avoid uncertainty.
And currently you have a genuine composing system.
Initial images, yet also pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished right into the wedge prints and lines created by the stylus after that liked. Which indicates instead of a handful of nouns to be composed to stock listings here we have a writing system that can offer us abstract and lyrical points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a place refute as well as all your documents are on clay, as opposed to being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Tools mentioned in this video:
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