Thankful Calligraphy

T11his capacity to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, communicate suggestions across the void of area and also time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the universe, common understanding and also self-understanding.

To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.

You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.

Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.

But these substantial, huge holy place complicateds they did not serve only as habitations.

No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs loaded with grain below? These temples additionally worked as big stockrooms. Database for the tremendous wealth of the city. In excellent times, gifts moved in.

And in difficult times, they were divided back. This system created a massive riches for the clergyman, however he additionally made certain that cities of this size can operate. But we don’t care currently. Look following to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?

Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.

With such an economic climate, with great deals of products, relocating to and from the temple on a daily basis, they required to keep documents somehow. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will be saved later on, to make sure that the clergymans may understand specifically what they contend hand in their large holy place storehouse. Yet even though brand names have their place in the initial writing, there is something a lot more intriguing for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.

Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.

And also that’s specifically what occurred.

The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?

It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables as well as where the terms are made up of word composition. Both of these points are necessary due to the fact that when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to believe of a symbol as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Quit reasoning of an icon showing a word and also start to think of the basic meaning of its sound, which can indicate more particular things. As soon as you do this, you will certainly not attract images for each word in the language.

Currently you start to think about photos as audios as well as incorporating audios together permits you to create various words.

As well as when you integrate that with that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon basic words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also sounds, which stand for countless images. However we’re refrained from doing yet. Since exactly how the scribes wrote has actually altered the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind exactly how our pal in the holy place adds grain?

See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.

This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.

Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. But due to the fact that they were upside-down, they were a lot more abstract now. Much more different from the things and pictures they used to represent. This writing system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalised it even a lot more. Variables or little personalities have actually additionally been included in figure out which component of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.

And now you have a genuine composing system.

Original images, however also pictograms transformed from them they totally disappeared into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus after that liked. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be created to supply listings right here we have a writing system that can provide us abstract and lyrical points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Funny aspect of clay: When an area refute as well as all your records get on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.

Yet it won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.

It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.


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I’m thankful for all of you!! Happy Thanksgiving!

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