T11his capacity to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, provide directions to express, connect ideas throughout the void of space and time has actually made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those men bringing jugs filled with grain below? These temples also acted as huge storehouses. Database for the tremendous riches of the city. In great times, gifts moved in.
And also in difficult times, they were separated back. This system created a substantial riches for the priest, however he also ensured that cities of this dimension can operate. But we uncommitted currently. Look alongside the guys that lug the grain. Do you see a male watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with whole lots of supplies, transferring to and from the holy place every day, they needed to maintain documents somehow. And that’s exactly what he does. That table will be conserved later on, to make sure that the clergymans might recognize specifically what they have at hand in their gigantic temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a tiny picture of a grain stalk next to his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and easier methods to videotape products, they did not busily attract every sub-item gave the holy place, however instead they involved an equally concurred collection of more symbolic representations for items moving right into holy places. And you can see exactly how somebody could occur, that these signs require not only stand for the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what took place.
The icon for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow therefore. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do a lot. And also here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place chatting to each various other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are important because when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think about an icon as a word, but as an audio for that word. Quit thinking about a symbol indicating a word and start to assume concerning the basic definition of its audio, which can show much more specific things. When you do this, you will not draw pictures for each word in the language.
Currently you start to consider images as audios as well as combining audios with each other permits you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? See him create. See just how he writes inside out, equally as you would write a listing. That will alter quickly, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And if you accidentally rest your hand while composing inside out, you can conveniently remove the whole column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. However adequate individuals in the holy place didn’t such as the advancement. It was less complicated for scribes, yet other literate individuals, who had to review it gained from leading to base, so they really did not like this sideways writing. So what did the scribes do? They just rotated all the personalities 90 levels to ensure that one might turn the table and read it inside out customarily.
Quickly individuals read characters created laterally from left to right. But since they were upside down, they were much more abstract now. A lot more different from the photos as well as points they utilized to represent. This writing system was after that embraced by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, that generalised it much more. Variables or little personalities have actually likewise been included in figure out which part of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
And also now you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
But it will not take place here for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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SUPER SATISFYING BRUSH PEN CALLIGRAPHY COMPILATION #3
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Brush pens used in the video:
Pentel Fude: https://goo.gl/S2XwE6
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Kuretake Fude: https://goo.gl/aKDh9T
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Kuretake no.40: https://goo.gl/EXA9Hn
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