T11his capacity to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, interact ideas across the abyss of room as well as time has actually made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, common understanding and self-understanding.
However to comprehend how writing started, we have to go to old Sumer, where composing first started to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of individuals or countless people, yet together tens of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, united by the worship of a certain team of gods. People controlled irrigation as well as cities expanded. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these huge, large holy place complicateds they did not serve just as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of supplies, transferring to as well as from the holy place daily, they needed to maintain records in some way. And also that’s exactly what he does. That table will be conserved later on, so that the priests may understand precisely what they have at hand in their large holy place storehouse. But even though brand names have their area in the original writing, there is something much a lot more interesting for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.
He drew a small photo of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has been simplified. Much more abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and simpler ways to record commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the temple, yet rather they concerned a mutually concurred collection of even more symbolic representations for goods flowing into sanctuaries. And you can see just how someone could happen, that these signs need not just stand for the concept of something, yet also the word itself.
And also that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not just as an agent of the pet, however additionally as a word cow therefore. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
If you might hear them, it would certainly seem like every person was claiming the exact same point over as well as over again. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are made up of word composition. Both of these points are essential since when numerous of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think of an icon as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Quit reasoning of an icon indicating a word and also start to consider the basic significance of its sound, which can show more particular points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think about images as noises and also integrating noises together enables you to produce various words.
And also when you integrate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon easy words, as an example, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent countless images. We’re not done. Due to the fact that just how the scribes wrote has actually altered the way we compose in Western nations today. Do you bear in mind how our good friend in the temple adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Even much more different from the photos and things they used to represent. This creating system was then taken on by the bordering Akkad and Elamites, that generalised it even extra. Aspects or little personalities have also been included in establish which part of the speech was which, to prevent ambiguity.
And currently you have a genuine composing system.
Original photos, however likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally disappeared right into the wedge prints and lines produced by the stylus after that liked. Which implies instead of a handful of nouns to be contacted stock lists below we have a creating system that can give us lyrical and abstract points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Funny feature of clay: When a location refute and also all your documents are on clay, as opposed to being destroyed, they harden and also continue to be.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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How to write name “Subhaan Allah ” in Urdu calligraphy with rules of “Qat”
by Naveed Akhtar Uppal (calligrapher & artist)
Naveed Akhtar Uppal (Calligrapher & Artist)
Professional Diploma in Calligraphy from NCA (National College of Arts, Lahore, Pakistan)
OPAL institute of calligraphy & fine arts, Jhelum, Pakistan.
1. Ustaad Khursheed Aalam Gohar Qalam Lahore.
2. Gulaam Rasool Manzar Raqum Lahore.
3. Rasheed Butt Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Naveed Akhtar Uppal
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