T11his ability to pass on ideas to us throughout generations, provide directions to share, communicate suggestions across the abyss of area and also time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These temples play a big function in why composing began. Because Sumer was the nation of the very first real cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these massive, huge temple complicateds they did not serve only as habitations.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs loaded with grain right here? These temples likewise served as huge warehouses. Repository for the enormous riches of the city. In good times, gifts flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as an agent of the animal, yet likewise as a word cow therefore. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also below comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place speaking with each other?
If you could hear them, it would certainly seem like everybody was stating the very same thing over and over again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are necessary due to the fact that when much of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think about an icon as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Quit thinking about a symbol showing a word as well as begin to consider the basic significance of its sound, which can suggest more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think of photos as sounds and also incorporating noises with each other permits you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a real composing system.
Initial photos, yet additionally pictograms changed from them they completely vanished right into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus pen after that preferred. Which implies rather of a handful of nouns to be composed to stock listings right here we have a writing system that can provide us lyrical and abstract points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When an area burns down and all your documents get on clay, as opposed to being ruined, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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