T11his capacity to pass on concepts to us across generations, give guidelines to share, communicate ideas throughout the abyss of area and time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in tough times, they were split back. This system developed a huge wealth for the priest, yet he also guaranteed that cities of this dimension could operate. We don’t care now. Look beside the guys that carry the grain. Do you see a guy enjoying them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a small photo of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has been simplified. Extra abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also much easier means to record assets, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the temple, yet instead they concerned an equally concurred set of even more symbolic depictions for goods streaming into sanctuaries. And you can see exactly how a person might take place, that these symbols need not only stand for the principle of something, however also words itself.
As well as that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also right here comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place speaking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about images as noises and combining audios together allows you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have an actual writing system.
Original pictures, but likewise pictograms transformed from them they completely went away into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus then chosen. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be created to stock lists here we have a writing system that can offer us abstract and lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Funny feature of clay: When a location burns down and also all your records get on clay, rather than being destroyed, they harden and stay.
However it will not happen right here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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