T11his capability to hand down concepts to us across generations, offer directions to express, interact ideas throughout the abyss of space and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the world, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain right here? These temples additionally acted as substantial storehouses. Database for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, gifts streamed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of supplies, transferring to as well as from the temple on a daily basis, they needed to maintain records in some way. And also that’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, so that the priests might know precisely what they contend hand in their gigantic temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a little image of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. Much more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster as well as easier ways to videotape commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, yet rather they came to a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic depictions for products moving into holy areas. And also you can see exactly how a person could happen, that these symbols need not just represent the idea of something, yet also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider pictures as noises and integrating sounds together enables you to create various words.
And also when you incorporate that keeping that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with principles and also noises, which stand for countless photos. Yet we’re not done yet. Because exactly how the scribes created has actually transformed the method we compose in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind just how our close friend in the temple includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him write. See how he writes inside out, equally as you would write a list. That will alter quickly, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you inadvertently rest your hand while composing inside out, you can quickly erase the entire column you just entered.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Yet sufficient individuals in the temple didn’t such as the development. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate individuals, who had to read it gained from top to base, so they really did not like this sideways creating. What did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one could turn the table and review it from top to base as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Even more various from the things and pictures they made use of to represent. This composing system was after that taken on by the surrounding Akkad and also Elamites, who generalized it much more. Aspects or tiny characters have actually also been contributed to establish which component of the speech was which, to avoid uncertainty.
As well as now you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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