T11his capability to hand down ideas to us across generations, offer guidelines to express, connect concepts across the void of space and also time has made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as vendors.
You see the streets as well as yards. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a huge duty in why creating started. Since Sumer was the country of the very first real cities in the world.
Not numerous people or thousands of individuals, but with each other tens of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, joined by the worship of a certain team of gods. Individuals managed watering and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
However these huge, vast holy place complexes they did not offer just as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing containers loaded with grain below? These temples also acted as significant stockrooms. Database for the tremendous riches of the city. In good times, gifts flowed in.
And also in challenging times, they were split back. This system developed a significant wealth for the clergyman, however he additionally made sure that cities of this dimension might work. We don’t care now. Look alongside the guys that bring the grain. Do you see a guy viewing them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s precisely what took place.
The icon for the cow was recognized not only as a representative of the pet, however likewise as a word cow thus. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do a lot. As well as here comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider images as sounds and also integrating audios with each other enables you to create different words.
And also when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon basic words, for example, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for thousands of pictures. We’re not done. Due to the fact that exactly how the scribes composed has actually changed the means we write in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind how our close friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have a genuine creating system.
Original pictures, yet additionally pictograms changed from them they completely went away into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus pen then chosen. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be created to stock listings below we have a creating system that can offer us abstract and lyrical points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we recognize all this? Funny thing regarding clay: When a location refute as well as all your records get on clay, rather than being damaged, they set and continue to be.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.