T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, provide instructions to share, connect ideas throughout the void of room and also time has actually made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not numerous people or thousands of individuals, yet together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, united by the praise of a specific group of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation as well as cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these substantial, large holy place complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with lots of products, relocating to as well as from the holy place each day, they required to keep records in some way. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, so that the clergymans may know specifically what they have at hand in their huge temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to believe of pictures as sounds as well as integrating audios together permits you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? View him write. See just how he writes from leading to bottom, equally as you would compose a list. That will certainly transform soon, due to the fact that the trouble with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And if you accidentally rest your hand while composing from top to bottom, you can quickly delete the whole column you just entered.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, however other literate people, that needed to review it gained from top to base, so they didn’t like this sidewards composing. What did the scribes do? They just rotated all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one could turn the table and review it inside out as normal.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
But it won’t happen below for some time. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.