T11his capacity to hand down suggestions to us across generations, give guidelines to express, communicate ideas throughout the void of area as well as time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of individuals or hundreds of people, but with each other tens of thousands. And these cities produced city-states, joined by the praise of a specific group of gods. Individuals regulated watering as well as cities expanded. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in difficult times, they were divided back. This system created a massive wealth for the priest, yet he additionally ensured that cities of this dimension can operate. However we uncommitted currently. Look beside the males that carry the grain. Do you see a guy seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of materials, transferring to and from the holy place each day, they required to maintain documents somehow. And that’s exactly what he does. That table will be saved later on, so that the priests might recognize precisely what they contend hand in their gigantic holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and also simpler ways to videotape assets, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item gave the temple, however rather they came to a mutually agreed collection of more symbolic depictions for products moving right into divine areas. And also you can see just how a person might take place, that these icons require not only stand for the principle of something, but likewise the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition. Both of these factors are very important since when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to believe of a symbol as a word, but as a noise for that word. Quit thinking about an icon suggesting a word and also start to consider the general meaning of its audio, which can indicate a lot more details things. Once you do this, you will certainly not attract pictures for every word in the language.
Currently you begin to think of photos as noises as well as incorporating sounds together permits you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have a real creating system.
Original images, yet also pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus then preferred. Which implies rather of a handful of nouns to be composed to supply checklists below we have a creating system that can provide us lyrical and abstract points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Funny aspect of clay: When a place refute and also all your records are on clay, rather than being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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