T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, offer guidelines to share, connect ideas throughout the abyss of area as well as time has made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these substantial, vast holy place complicateds they did not offer only as habitations.
No, take a better look. Do you see those men bringing jugs filled with grain below? These temples likewise functioned as huge warehouses. Database for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, gifts flowed in.
And also in challenging times, they were separated back. This system created a huge wide range for the clergyman, however he likewise made sure that cities of this dimension could work. But we don’t care now. Look next to the men who bring the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and where the terms are made up of word make-up. Both of these factors are vital since when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a sign as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Quit thinking about a symbol indicating a word and start to think of the basic definition of its noise, which can show more particular things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think about photos as audios and also incorporating noises together enables you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? Watch him write. See just how he writes inside out, equally as you would compose a listing. That will certainly transform quickly, due to the fact that the issue with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And also if you mistakenly rest your hand while creating inside out, you can conveniently erase the entire column you simply entered.
But this risk is minimized if you start creating from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, yet other literate people, who had to read it gained from top to base, so they really did not like this laterally writing. So what did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the characters 90 levels so that one might turn the table and read it inside out customarily.
Quickly people review characters created sideways from entrusted to right. However since they were upside down, they were much more abstract now. A lot more different from the things and pictures they used to represent. This composing system was after that taken on by the neighboring Akkad and also Elamites, that generalised it much more. Aspects or tiny characters have actually likewise been included to determine which part of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And currently you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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