T11his ability to pass on ideas to us across generations, offer instructions to express, interact concepts across the abyss of area and also time has actually made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the cosmos, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these huge, huge holy place complicateds they did not serve just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in hard times, they were separated back. This system created a significant riches for the clergyman, however he also made certain that cities of this size can operate. We don’t care now. Look alongside the guys who carry the grain. Do you see a man viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this good little drawing of grain has actually been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and easier methods to record commodities, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item offered the holy place, yet rather they pertained to an equally concurred set of even more symbolic depictions for items streaming into divine areas. As well as you can see exactly how a person might happen, that these signs need not only stand for the idea of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple chatting to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to consider photos as sounds and combining noises together permits you to develop various words.
As well as when you integrate that keeping that in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also audios, which stand for thousands of photos. Yet we’re not done yet. Since just how the scribes created has changed the method we write in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind just how our buddy in the temple includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him write. See just how he creates from leading to base, equally as you would create a list. That will alter soon, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And if you inadvertently rest your hand while writing inside out, you can easily delete the entire column you simply entered.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Original images, yet likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally went away right into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus after that preferred. Which indicates instead of a handful of nouns to be contacted supply lists right here we have a composing system that can offer us abstract and lyrical things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we understand all this? Amusing point concerning clay: When an area burns down and also all your documents are on clay, as opposed to being destroyed, they set and also remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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