T11his ability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide directions to express, communicate concepts across the abyss of area and time has actually made it possible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these massive, large temple complexes they did not serve just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in tough times, they were separated back. This system developed a big wide range for the clergyman, but he additionally guaranteed that cities of this size could function. We don’t care now. Look beside the guys who bring the grain. Do you see a male seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a little photo of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and easier methods to tape assets, they did not busily attract every sub-item offered the temple, however rather they came to a mutually agreed collection of even more symbolic depictions for products streaming right into sanctuaries. And you can see how someone could occur, that these symbols require not only represent the concept of something, however additionally words itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The icon for the cow was understood not just as a representative of the animal, but likewise as a word cow because of this. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do a lot. And right here comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see the people at the holy place speaking with each various other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are essential due to the fact that when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to believe of a symbol as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Quit thinking about a sign suggesting a word as well as start to think of the basic definition of its noise, which can show much more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about photos as noises and also combining sounds together allows you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Yet enough people in the holy place really did not like the development. It was much easier for scribes, but various other literate individuals, that had to read it found out from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sidewards creating. So what did the scribes do? They simply revolved all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one could turn the table as well as review it from top to base as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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