T11his ability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, give guidelines to reveal, connect suggestions throughout the void of space as well as time has actually made it possible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not numerous individuals or countless people, yet together 10s of thousands. And also these cities created city-states, unified by the praise of a specific group of gods. Individuals controlled watering as well as cities expanded. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs filled with grain below? These holy places likewise functioned as huge storehouses. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
As well as in challenging times, they were separated back. This system produced a huge riches for the priest, but he likewise made certain that cities of this size could work. Yet we do not care currently. Look alongside the males who carry the grain. Do you see a guy seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also below comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to think of images as audios and combining sounds together permits you to create different words.
And when you incorporate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon basic words, for example, a sickle plus grain could indicate a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of photos. We’re not done. Since just how the scribes created has actually transformed the way we create in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our close friend in the temple adds grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? Watch him compose. See how he writes from leading to base, equally as you would compose a checklist. That will transform soon, due to the fact that the trouble with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. As well as if you mistakenly rest your hand while writing inside out, you can conveniently delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have an actual writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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