T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, give guidelines to share, connect ideas throughout the abyss of area and time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing containers full of grain right here? These holy places likewise worked as significant stockrooms. Database for the immense wide range of the city. In great times, presents moved in.
And also in hard times, they were separated back. This system produced a huge riches for the priest, but he likewise made sure that cities of this size can work. We don’t care now. Look beside the males who lug the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny image of a grain stalk next to his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also simpler ways to videotape commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, but instead they came to an equally concurred collection of more symbolic depictions for products moving into sanctuaries. And also you can see how a person might happen, that these signs need not just represent the principle of something, however likewise words itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The sign for the cow was recognized not just as an agent of the pet, yet also as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as here comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking with each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to think about pictures as sounds and also combining audios with each other enables you to develop different words.
And when you incorporate that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon straightforward words, as an example, a sickle plus grain can mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for thousands of photos. We’re not done. Because exactly how the scribes wrote has altered the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our pal in the temple adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly people review personalities composed sidewards from delegated right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more various from the things and pictures they used to represent. This creating system was then taken on by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it also much more. Factors or little personalities have additionally been included to identify which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
As well as now you have a real writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
But it will not happen below for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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CALLIGRAPHY ASMR #2 SATISFYING LETTERING! Amazing Art! Calligraphy Masters! Drawings pen!
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