T11his capacity to pass on concepts to us across generations, offer directions to reveal, connect ideas across the abyss of room and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the universe, common understanding and also self-understanding.
Yet to recognize exactly how composing started, we must most likely to old Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as vendors.
You see the roads and yards. Yet what do you see towering over everything? Forehead. These temples play a huge function in why creating began. Since Sumer was the country of the very first genuine cities on the planet.
Not thousands of people or countless people, but with each other tens of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, joined by the prayer of a particular group of gods. Individuals controlled irrigation and cities expanded. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these massive, substantial holy place complexes they did not offer only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of products, transferring to and from the holy place on a daily basis, they required to keep documents in some way. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, to make sure that the priests might understand specifically what they have at hand in their large holy place storehouse. However also though brand names have their area in the initial writing, there is something a lot more fascinating for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to consider pictures as noises and integrating sounds together enables you to develop different words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon basic words, as an example, a sickle plus grain could suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas and sounds, which represent hundreds of images. But we’re refrained yet. Because just how the scribes composed has transformed the method we create in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind just how our buddy in the holy place includes grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? Watch him compose. See just how he writes inside out, simply as you would certainly compose a checklist. That will certainly alter quickly, since the issue with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And if you accidentally rest your hand while creating from leading to base, you can conveniently erase the whole column you simply keyed in.
Yet this risk is reduced if you start writing from entrusted to right. But sufficient individuals in the holy place really did not like the development. It was easier for scribes, yet various other literate individuals, that needed to review it discovered from top to base, so they didn’t like this laterally writing. What did the scribes do? They merely turned all the personalities 90 levels to ensure that one could turn the table and read it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have an actual composing system.
Initial pictures, but likewise pictograms changed from them they completely disappeared into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus pen then favored. Which suggests instead of a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings here we have a creating system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we recognize all this? Funny thing regarding clay: When a location burns down and all your documents are on clay, rather than being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
#Relaxing #Calligraphy #Videos #Volume #Crooked #Calligraphy
A 2-minute compilation of soothing, close-up calligraphy videos. Mesmerizing pointed pen and ink action by Crooked Calligraphy