T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, give directions to express, interact suggestions across the void of room and time has actually made it possible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these enormous, vast holy place complicateds they did not offer just as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. As well as right here comes a happy etymological coincidence. Do you see the people at the temple speaking with each other?
If you might hear them, it would certainly appear like everyone was stating the exact same point over and also over once more. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are composed of word composition. Both of these points are important due to the fact that when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think about an icon as a word, however as a sound for that word. Quit thinking of an icon indicating a word and also begin to consider the basic definition of its audio, which can suggest extra specific points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to assume of images as sounds as well as incorporating sounds together enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. However because they were inverted, they were extra abstract currently. Much more different from the images as well as points they used to stand for. This creating system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it even much more. Elements or tiny personalities have actually additionally been included to figure out which component of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
And now you have a real writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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