T11his capacity to pass on ideas to us across generations, provide instructions to reveal, connect concepts across the abyss of room and also time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets as well as yards. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These holy places play a large role in why composing started. Since Sumer was the nation of the very first genuine cities in the globe.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to consider photos as sounds and also combining sounds with each other enables you to produce various words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon simple words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for hundreds of pictures. Yet we’re refrained from doing yet. Because exactly how the scribes wrote has altered the method we write in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our pal in the temple adds grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him compose. See how he writes from leading to base, equally as you would compose a checklist. That will change quickly, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes forever to completely dry. As well as if you mistakenly relax your hand while writing from leading to base, you can easily delete the entire column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, however other literate people, that had to review it picked up from top to base, so they didn’t like this sideways composing. What did the scribes do? They simply turned all the characters 90 levels so that one might turn the table and also review it from top to base as typical.
Quickly people read personalities composed laterally from delegated right. But since they were inverted, they were extra abstract now. Much more different from the pictures as well as things they utilized to represent. This composing system was after that taken on by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it a lot more. Elements or little personalities have actually likewise been contributed to figure out which component of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
And also currently you have a genuine writing system.
Original photos, yet also pictograms changed from them they completely vanished right into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus pen then liked. Which implies as opposed to a handful of nouns to be composed to stock listings here we have a creating system that can give us abstract and also lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we know all this? Funny thing concerning clay: When a location refute and also all your documents are on clay, as opposed to being damaged, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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