T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, give guidelines to express, connect ideas throughout the void of space and also time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the universe, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. Yet what do you see overlooking it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge role in why composing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the very first actual cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of individuals or hundreds of people, yet together tens of thousands. As well as these cities produced city-states, united by the praise of a particular group of gods. Individuals controlled watering and cities grew. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those men bringing jugs filled with grain below? These temples additionally acted as significant warehouses. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In great times, presents streamed in.
And also in tough times, they were divided back. This system developed a significant wide range for the priest, but he additionally ensured that cities of this dimension could function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the men who carry the grain. Do you see a male viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a small photo of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster as well as easier means to videotape products, they did not busily attract every sub-item brought to the holy place, yet rather they pertained to an equally concurred collection of even more symbolic depictions for items streaming into sanctuaries. And you can see exactly how a person can take place, that these symbols need not just stand for the principle of something, yet likewise the word itself.
As well as that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to think about pictures as audios as well as integrating audios together enables you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him compose. See exactly how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would create a list. That will certainly transform soon, because the problem with clay is that it takes for life to dry. And if you unintentionally relax your hand while creating inside out, you can easily delete the whole column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people review personalities written laterally from entrusted to right. Yet due to the fact that they were upside down, they were much more abstract now. Even much more various from the things and pictures they made use of to represent. This composing system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad as well as Elamites, that generalised it a lot more. Elements or little personalities have also been included to determine which component of the speech was which, to avoid uncertainty.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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