T11his capability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, offer instructions to express, interact concepts across the abyss of area and also time has made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of individuals or hundreds of individuals, however together 10s of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, united by the worship of a particular team of gods. Individuals managed watering and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
However these huge, huge holy place facilities they did not offer only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing jugs complete of grain here? These holy places additionally served as substantial warehouses. Database for the tremendous wealth of the city. In good times, presents flowed in.
As well as in tough times, they were divided back. This system produced a massive wide range for the clergyman, yet he also made sure that cities of this size can function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the men who lug the grain. Do you see a man viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, relocating to and from the temple each day, they required to maintain documents somehow. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, so that the priests may understand specifically what they contend hand in their giant holy place warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were searching for faster and also less complicated means to tape assets, they did not busily attract every sub-item brought to the holy place, however instead they pertained to an equally concurred collection of more symbolic representations for products flowing into holy places. And also you can see exactly how somebody can occur, that these symbols require not only stand for the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. And also here comes a satisfied etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are vital since when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about an icon as a word, but as a sound for that word. Quit thinking about a sign showing a word as well as start to think of the basic meaning of its noise, which can show a lot more particular points. When you do this, you will certainly not attract photos for each and every word in the language.
Now you begin to consider photos as sounds and incorporating sounds together enables you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him create. See exactly how he creates from top to bottom, just as you would certainly create a list. That will change quickly, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And if you unintentionally relax your hand while creating inside out, you can quickly erase the entire column you just entered.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a real writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Yet it won’t happen right here for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Check out this satisfying compilation of calligraphy and hand lettering!
There are lots of techniques for drawing beautiful letters, and for some you’ll need specific materials and equipment. Brush lettering, for example, requires a brush pen with a flexible brush nib. For hand lettering, you can get pens with different stroke widths. The paper you use also has to match the different requirements of lettering technique.
The difference between hand lettering and calligraphy is – Although both hand lettering and calligraphy are visual art forms related to letters, their main difference is the method used to create the letters. Hand lettering focuses on drawing and illustrating the letters. Calligraphy, on the other hand, is the art of beautiful writing.
In short – hand lettering and calligraphy is, quite simply, the art of drawing beautiful letters to bring style to the written word.
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