T11his ability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, offer directions to share, communicate suggestions across the void of area as well as time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of people or hundreds of people, however together tens of thousands. As well as these cities developed city-states, united by the praise of a particular group of gods. People regulated watering as well as cities grew. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a little image of a grain stalk following to his records, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this nice little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also easier ways to record assets, they did not busily attract every sub-item gave the holy place, however rather they pertained to an equally concurred collection of even more symbolic representations for items streaming into divine locations. As well as you can see exactly how a person might occur, that these icons need not just represent the idea of something, however likewise the word itself.
Which’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are very important due to the fact that when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to think about a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about an icon indicating a word as well as begin to consider the general definition of its noise, which can suggest much more certain things. As soon as you do this, you will not attract pictures for each word in the language.
Currently you begin to think about photos as audios and combining noises together allows you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? See him write. See how he creates from top to bottom, equally as you would certainly write a list. That will certainly transform soon, since the trouble with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And if you mistakenly rest your hand while composing from leading to bottom, you can easily delete the whole column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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