T11his capability to hand down concepts to us across generations, give instructions to express, communicate suggestions across the abyss of space as well as time has made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a big role in why writing started. Since Sumer was the nation of the first real cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or hundreds of individuals, but together tens of thousands. And also these cities produced city-states, joined by the worship of a specific team of gods. People regulated irrigation and also cities grew. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
Yet these huge, vast holy place complicateds they did not offer only as habitations.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing jugs filled with grain right here? These holy places likewise acted as substantial storehouses. Repository for the immense wide range of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with whole lots of supplies, relocating to and from the holy place each day, they required to maintain documents in some way. As well as that’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later on, to ensure that the clergymans may know exactly what they contend hand in their large holy place storehouse. But although brands have their place in the initial writing, there is something much more fascinating for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. As well as right here comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place speaking with each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to believe of pictures as audios and integrating sounds with each other permits you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have a genuine writing system.
Original pictures, but additionally pictograms transformed from them they completely went away into the wedge prints and lines produced by the stylus pen after that chosen. Which implies rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings below we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Amusing point regarding clay: When an area burns down and also all your records are on clay, rather than being destroyed, they solidify as well as stay.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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