T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, offer guidelines to reveal, communicate ideas throughout the abyss of space and also time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the universe, good understanding and also self-understanding.
Yet to comprehend how creating began, we need to go to ancient Sumer, where creating very first began to be utilized extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a huge role in why writing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the first real cities worldwide.
Not numerous people or thousands of people, but with each other 10s of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, united by the worship of a specific group of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation and cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these large, vast holy place facilities they did not serve only as habitations.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing containers filled with grain right here? These holy places also worked as massive warehouses. Repository for the immense riches of the city. In great times, gifts moved in.
And also in hard times, they were split back. This system created a huge wealth for the clergyman, but he also made certain that cities of this dimension can function. But we do not care currently. Look beside the guys that lug the grain. Do you see a male viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with whole lots of products, relocating to as well as from the temple on a daily basis, they required to maintain records somehow. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, to make sure that the priests might know exactly what they have at hand in their gigantic temple warehouse. Yet despite the fact that brands have their location in the original writing, there is something far more intriguing for us on this moist piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a tiny picture of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and easier means to videotape commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item gave the temple, however rather they concerned an equally concurred collection of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see exactly how someone can happen, that these symbols require not just represent the principle of something, but likewise the word itself.
And also that’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place chatting to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to consider images as audios and also incorporating sounds with each other permits you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
Yet this risk is minimized if you begin creating from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was much easier for scribes, yet various other literate people, who needed to read it found out from leading to base, so they really did not like this sidewards writing. What did the scribes do? They merely turned all the personalities 90 degrees so that one might transform the table and review it from top to bottom as normal.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Yet due to the fact that they were upside-down, they were more abstract currently. Much more different from the pictures and also points they made use of to represent. This creating system was after that taken on by the bordering Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it also much more. Elements or tiny characters have also been contributed to identify which component of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
And now you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Yet it will not take place here for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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