T11his capability to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, give instructions to express, communicate concepts across the abyss of space as well as time has actually made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These temples play a huge duty in why writing began. Because Sumer was the nation of the first real cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these huge, vast temple complicateds they did not serve just as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of products, relocating to as well as from the temple every day, they needed to keep documents in some way. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be saved later, to ensure that the priests may understand specifically what they contend hand in their giant holy place storehouse. But also though brands have their area in the original writing, there is something a lot more fascinating for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was comprehended not just as an agent of the pet, yet likewise as a word cow thus. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also right here comes a happy etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each other?
If you could hear them, it would certainly seem like everyone was claiming the exact same thing over and over once again. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables as well as where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these factors are essential because when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a sign as a word, however as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol showing a word and also begin to think of the basic definition of its sound, which can indicate more particular things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think about pictures as sounds as well as integrating sounds together permits you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him write. See how he composes inside out, equally as you would certainly create a listing. That will transform soon, because the problem with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. As well as if you mistakenly relax your hand while writing from top to base, you can conveniently delete the whole column you just entered.
But this risk is decreased if you begin writing from left to right. But enough people in the holy place really did not such as the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, yet other literate individuals, that had to review it gained from leading to base, so they didn’t like this sidewards writing. What did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one could turn the table and read it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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Welcome to the Quietfire Design Video Tutorials! This tutorial is an introduction to broad-edged calligraphy nibs and a few of the different types of nibs you will encounter in your calligraphic journey. Happy lettering!
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