T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us across generations, give directions to express, interact suggestions across the abyss of space as well as time has actually made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding and self-understanding.
Yet to understand how writing started, we must most likely to ancient Sumer, where creating initial began to be made use of extensively. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing containers packed with grain here? These temples also worked as substantial stockrooms. Database for the immense wealth of the city. In good times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a little photo of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and less complicated means to record assets, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, yet instead they pertained to an equally agreed collection of more symbolic representations for goods streaming into sanctuaries. And also you can see exactly how a person could take place, that these icons need not only stand for the idea of something, but likewise words itself.
Which’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are necessary since when numerous of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to consider a symbol as a word, but as a noise for that word. Quit reasoning of an icon indicating a word and also start to consider the general meaning of its noise, which can suggest more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to consider photos as sounds as well as incorporating sounds together allows you to develop different words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with principles and also noises, which represent hundreds of pictures. We’re not done. Because how the scribes created has actually changed the way we create in Western nations today. Do you bear in mind just how our good friend in the temple adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Yet due to the fact that they were upside down, they were more abstract currently. Much more different from the photos and also things they utilized to represent. This creating system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it much more. Aspects or little personalities have additionally been contributed to identify which part of the speech was which, to prevent uncertainty.
And also currently you have a genuine composing system.
Original pictures, yet also pictograms changed from them they entirely went away into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus pen after that liked. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted stock checklists right here we have a composing system that can offer us abstract and also lyrical points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we recognize all this? Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down as well as all your records get on clay, instead of being damaged, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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