T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us across generations, give directions to express, communicate concepts throughout the void of area and also time has made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in hard times, they were separated back. This system created a huge riches for the clergyman, however he additionally made sure that cities of this size can work. We don’t care now. Look alongside the men who carry the grain. Do you see a guy viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of materials, relocating to and from the temple everyday, they needed to keep records somehow. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, to make sure that the clergymans might know precisely what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse. However despite the fact that brand names have their place in the original writing, there is something far more interesting for us on this damp item of clay that he holds.
He attracted a small photo of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster as well as much easier ways to tape-record commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the holy place, yet instead they came to a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic representations for goods streaming right into sanctuaries. And you can see just how somebody might happen, that these symbols need not only stand for the principle of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a rep of the animal, however additionally as a word cow therefore. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are essential since when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a sign as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Quit thinking about a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general definition of its sound, which can suggest a lot more specific things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about pictures as sounds and also integrating sounds with each other permits you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? Watch him write. See how he creates from top to base, equally as you would certainly write a list. That will change quickly, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And if you inadvertently rest your hand while creating inside out, you can quickly delete the entire column you simply typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have a real writing system.
Initial images, however likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished right into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus pen after that favored. Which indicates as opposed to a handful of nouns to be written to supply checklists below we have a creating system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Amusing thing regarding clay: When a location refute and all your documents are on clay, instead of being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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Can you learn calligraphy with a pencil? In this pencil calligraphy tutorial for beginners, you will learn hand lettering and calligraphy using pencil! You don’t need a fancy pencil, but you may want to know certain types of pencils that will help you practice and improve your calligraphy and lettering. This is an easy lettering tutorial with a pencil so I hope you join me at the end to practice your lettering with me!
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