T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, provide guidelines to reveal, communicate ideas throughout the void of room and also time has made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. Yet what do you see overlooking everything? Forehead. These holy places play a big duty in why creating began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the first actual cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these substantial, substantial temple facilities they did not offer only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And also that’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was comprehended not only as an agent of the pet, but additionally as a word cow because of this. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also below comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see the people at the holy place speaking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to assume of pictures as noises as well as integrating audios together permits you to develop various words.
As well as when you integrate that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on straightforward words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts as well as audios, which stand for countless images. But we’re not done yet. Because exactly how the scribes wrote has actually changed the way we compose in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind just how our friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
But this risk is reduced if you start composing from delegated right. But adequate people in the holy place really did not like the innovation. It was less complicated for scribes, but various other literate individuals, that had to read it picked up from leading to base, so they really did not like this sidewards composing. What did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the characters 90 levels to make sure that one might turn the table and review it inside out customarily.
Soon individuals check out personalities composed sideways from entrusted to right. However because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more different from the photos and points they used to represent. This composing system was after that embraced by the bordering Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalized it much more. Elements or small personalities have actually likewise been contributed to identify which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
As well as now you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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