T11his capability to hand down concepts to us across generations, give directions to share, connect ideas throughout the void of space and also time has made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those guys bringing containers packed with grain below? These holy places additionally functioned as massive warehouses. Repository for the enormous wide range of the city. In excellent times, gifts moved in.
And also in challenging times, they were divided back. This system produced a substantial wide range for the clergyman, however he likewise made sure that cities of this dimension might work. But we don’t care currently. Look alongside the males that carry the grain. Do you see a guy seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with lots of products, relocating to and also from the holy place everyday, they needed to keep documents somehow. And that’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be saved later, to make sure that the priests may know precisely what they have at hand in their large temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The sign for the cow was comprehended not only as a rep of the animal, but likewise as a word cow because of this. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. As well as below comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to think about images as audios and combining audios together permits you to produce various words.
And also when you integrate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon easy words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also noises, which represent countless photos. We’re not done. Due to the fact that exactly how the scribes wrote has actually transformed the means we create in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind how our good friend in the holy place includes grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? Enjoy him compose. See just how he writes inside out, simply as you would compose a list. That will alter soon, because the issue with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you unintentionally rest your hand while writing from leading to base, you can quickly remove the entire column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing. What did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one could turn the table and review it from top to bottom as usual.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Yet since they were upside-down, they were extra abstract currently. Much more various from the things and pictures they utilized to stand for. This writing system was after that embraced by the bordering Akkad and Elamites, that generalised it much more. Aspects or little personalities have actually likewise been contributed to establish which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of obscurity.
And currently you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
However it won’t occur right here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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How to connect all Urdu Alphabet letters with “AIN” in Urdu calligraphy with rules of “Qat”
by Naveed Akhtar Uppal (calligrapher & artist)
Naveed Akhtar Uppal (Calligrapher & Artist)
Professional Diploma in Calligraphy from NCA (National College of Arts, Lahore, Pakistan)
OPAL institute of calligraphy & fine arts, Jhelum, Pakistan.
1. Ustaad Khursheed Aalam Gohar Qalam Lahore.
2. Gulaam Rasool Manzar Raqum Lahore.
3. Rasheed Butt Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Naveed Akhtar Uppal
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