T11his ability to hand down concepts to us across generations, give guidelines to reveal, communicate suggestions throughout the void of room and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing containers full of grain here? These holy places additionally functioned as massive warehouses. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, presents moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a small image of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were seeking faster as well as less complicated means to record assets, they did not busily attract every sub-item gave the holy place, yet instead they came to a mutually agreed collection of even more symbolic depictions for items moving into divine locations. As well as you can see how someone might occur, that these symbols require not just stand for the principle of something, however additionally words itself.
And that’s exactly what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you could hear them, it would seem like everybody was stating the same thing over and over again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are very important because when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to consider a sign as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Quit thinking of an icon showing a word and also begin to consider the basic definition of its noise, which can indicate a lot more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think about images as sounds and integrating sounds together enables you to create different words.
And also when you integrate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on simple words, for instance, a sickle plus grain might suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts as well as noises, which represent hundreds of photos. Yet we’re not done yet. Due to the fact that just how the scribes wrote has transformed the way we write in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind exactly how our friend in the holy place includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? View him write. See how he creates from top to base, simply as you would write a listing. That will certainly alter soon, since the issue with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. As well as if you accidentally relax your hand while composing from top to bottom, you can quickly delete the whole column you simply keyed in.
But this danger is lowered if you start writing from left to right. Yet adequate people in the temple didn’t like the development. It was much easier for scribes, yet other literate individuals, who had to read it picked up from leading to base, so they really did not like this sidewards writing. So what did the scribes do? They just turned all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one could turn the table and also read it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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