T11his capability to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, offer guidelines to share, communicate concepts across the void of space as well as time has made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, shared understanding and self-understanding.
However to recognize exactly how creating began, we must most likely to old Sumer, where writing initial began to be utilized thoroughly. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of individuals or thousands of people, but with each other tens of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, unified by the praise of a certain group of gods. Individuals managed irrigation and cities expanded. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
Yet these massive, vast holy place facilities they did not offer only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of supplies, transferring to and from the temple everyday, they required to maintain records in some way. As well as that’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later, to ensure that the priests might know exactly what they contend hand in their large holy place warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has been simplified. Extra abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and less complicated ways to tape-record assets, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the temple, but rather they involved a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for items streaming right into sanctuaries. As well as you can see just how somebody could take place, that these signs require not just stand for the concept of something, but also words itself.
Which’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to consider pictures as noises as well as combining sounds with each other allows you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was less complicated for scribes, yet other literate individuals, who had to read it picked up from leading to base, so they really did not like this laterally writing. What did the scribes do? They merely turned all the personalities 90 levels to make sure that one could transform the table and read it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have a real composing system.
Initial photos, however likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus after that favored. Which implies as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings here we have a creating system that can provide us abstract and also lyrical points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When a place refute and also all your records get on clay, rather of being ruined, they harden and also remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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