T11his ability to pass on ideas to us across generations, provide guidelines to reveal, interact ideas across the abyss of room and also time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and yards. Yet what do you see overlooking it all? Forehead. These holy places play a big duty in why composing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the first real cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these enormous, vast holy place facilities they did not serve just as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These holy places additionally functioned as substantial warehouses. Repository for the tremendous wide range of the city. In excellent times, gifts moved in.
And in tough times, they were split back. This system produced a massive wide range for the clergyman, however he likewise made sure that cities of this size could work. We don’t care now. Look alongside the guys who carry the grain. Do you see a man seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of materials, moving to and also from the temple daily, they required to keep records somehow. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, so that the clergymans may recognize specifically what they have at hand in their large temple storehouse. But even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something a lot extra fascinating for us on this wet item of clay that he holds.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little illustration of grain has been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster as well as easier methods to tape-record assets, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item gave the holy place, yet rather they involved a mutually agreed collection of even more symbolic depictions for goods flowing into holy locations. And also you can see exactly how a person might occur, that these icons require not only stand for the idea of something, yet likewise words itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these factors are very important since when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to assume of an icon as a word, but as a noise for that word. Quit thinking about a sign showing a word and also begin to think of the general definition of its sound, which can show extra certain things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you begin to think about images as sounds and combining sounds with each other enables you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? See him create. See just how he composes from leading to bottom, equally as you would certainly write a checklist. That will certainly transform soon, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes forever to dry. As well as if you inadvertently relax your hand while writing inside out, you can quickly delete the whole column you simply typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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