T11his capacity to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, offer instructions to reveal, connect suggestions across the void of space and time has actually made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also vendors.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these massive, substantial temple facilities they did not serve just as habitations.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs filled with grain right here? These holy places also worked as big stockrooms. Database for the enormous riches of the city. In excellent times, presents moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of supplies, relocating to as well as from the holy place each day, they needed to maintain documents in some way. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, to ensure that the clergymans may know precisely what they have at hand in their giant holy place warehouse. But although brand names have their location in the initial writing, there is something a lot more intriguing for us on this wet item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also right here comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple chatting to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to think about photos as noises and incorporating audios together allows you to produce various words.
And when you incorporate that keeping that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain might imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas and also sounds, which represent thousands of photos. However we’re not done yet. Due to the fact that just how the scribes wrote has actually altered the method we write in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind how our buddy in the temple adds grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See how he writes from leading to bottom, just as you would certainly create a list. That will change soon, since the problem with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And also if you unintentionally rest your hand while composing inside out, you can easily erase the whole column you just entered.
However this danger is reduced if you start writing from left to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was less complicated for scribes, but other literate individuals, that needed to review it found out from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this laterally composing. What did the scribes do? They simply turned all the characters 90 levels so that one can turn the table and review it inside out as usual.
Soon individuals check out personalities created sideways from delegated right. Yet because they were inverted, they were extra abstract currently. Much more different from the things and pictures they used to represent. This composing system was after that embraced by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, that generalized it a lot more. Elements or small personalities have actually also been contributed to figure out which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of ambiguity.
And now you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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Calligraphy is a profound traditional Japanese culture with a 2000 year-old history. However, it is important to enjoy thecalligraphy with basic understanding. There is calligraphy therapy in Japan, The written word is expressed as one’s intention. There is calligraphy of healing too, that opens the mind. It is important to enjoy the culture.
Come on, why not start a traditional Japanese culture, “Calligraphy”?
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