T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to share, interact suggestions throughout the void of room as well as time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these massive, substantial temple facilities they did not offer just as habitations.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing jugs filled with grain here? These holy places additionally functioned as big stockrooms. Database for the enormous wealth of the city. In excellent times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of products, transferring to and from the temple each day, they required to keep documents in some way. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later, to make sure that the clergymans may understand exactly what they contend hand in their large holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about pictures as sounds as well as integrating noises with each other permits you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon straightforward words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also sounds, which represent hundreds of photos. We’re not done. Due to the fact that just how the scribes composed has actually changed the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind how our buddy in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient individuals in the temple really did not like the advancement. It was simpler for scribes, but other literate people, who had to review it picked up from leading to base, so they didn’t like this sideways composing. So what did the scribes do? They just turned all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one might transform the table and read it inside out as normal.
Quickly people check out personalities created sidewards from delegated right. But since they were inverted, they were much more abstract currently. A lot more various from the photos and things they made use of to stand for. This composing system was then embraced by the neighboring Akkad and also Elamites, that generalized it a lot more. Factors or tiny personalities have additionally been added to determine which part of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
As well as currently you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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I’m terrible at handwriting but you have motivated me to try and get better! Through your suggestions, I decided to spend two weeks practicing the art of calligraphy, to see how much I could learn, and whether or not learn this skill would have any notable impacts on my life.
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