T11his capability to pass on ideas to us throughout generations, offer guidelines to express, interact concepts throughout the abyss of space as well as time has made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also vendors.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these enormous, huge temple complexes they did not offer just as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those men bringing jugs packed with grain below? These holy places also acted as massive stockrooms. Database for the immense riches of the city. In good times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of products, transferring to as well as from the holy place each day, they required to keep records in some way. As well as that’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, to ensure that the priests may understand specifically what they contend hand in their large holy place warehouse. However even though brands have their area in the initial writing, there is something a lot extra fascinating for us on this damp item of clay that he holds.
He drew a small image of a grain stalk next to his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. Much more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and less complicated means to record products, they did not busily draw every sub-item gave the holy place, however rather they pertained to an equally agreed set of even more symbolic representations for items moving right into sanctuaries. And also you can see exactly how somebody might take place, that these symbols need not just represent the concept of something, yet likewise words itself.
And that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And below comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place speaking to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to believe of pictures as audios and incorporating audios together permits you to develop various words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for hundreds of images. However we’re refrained from doing yet. Since exactly how the scribes composed has actually changed the way we write in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind just how our buddy in the holy place adds grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? View him write. See just how he writes from top to base, equally as you would certainly write a listing. That will certainly alter soon, because the issue with clay is that it takes permanently to completely dry. And also if you accidentally relax your hand while composing inside out, you can quickly remove the entire column you just entered.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have an actual composing system.
Initial images, yet likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus after that chosen. Which indicates instead of a handful of nouns to be written to supply checklists right here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we recognize all this? Funny thing regarding clay: When a location refute and also all your documents are on clay, rather than being damaged, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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How to write name “Hafiz Muhammad Osama Bhutta ” in Urdu calligraphy with rules of “Qat”
by Naveed Akhtar Uppal (calligrapher & artist)
Naveed Akhtar Uppal (Calligrapher & Artist)
Professional Diploma in Calligraphy from NCA (National College of Arts, Lahore, Pakistan)
OPAL institute of calligraphy & fine arts, Jhelum, Pakistan.
1. Ustaad Khursheed Aalam Gohar Qalam Lahore.
2. Gulaam Rasool Manzar Raqum Lahore.
3. Rasheed Butt Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Naveed Akhtar Uppal
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