T11his capability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, offer guidelines to express, interact concepts throughout the void of area and time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of people or thousands of individuals, however with each other 10s of thousands. And also these cities produced city-states, unified by the praise of a certain group of gods. Individuals managed irrigation and also cities grew. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these massive, large temple complexes they did not offer only as habitations.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those men bringing jugs complete of grain here? These temples additionally offered as huge storehouses. Repository for the tremendous wealth of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
And in challenging times, they were divided back. This system developed a substantial riches for the clergyman, but he additionally guaranteed that cities of this dimension can function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the males who lug the grain. Do you see a man seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of supplies, relocating to and also from the temple every day, they required to keep records somehow. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later, so that the clergymans may understand precisely what they have at hand in their gigantic temple warehouse. Yet despite the fact that brand names have their location in the original writing, there is something far more interesting for us on this moist piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a tiny image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and much easier means to tape-record products, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item offered the holy place, yet instead they concerned a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic representations for items moving into divine locations. As well as you can see how a person could occur, that these icons require not just represent the principle of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s precisely what took place.
The sign for the cow was recognized not only as an agent of the animal, however likewise as a word cow therefore. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also below comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking with each various other?
If you might hear them, it would certainly seem like everyone was claiming the very same thing over and over again. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are made up of word composition. Both of these points are essential due to the fact that when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think about a sign as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Quit reasoning of an icon suggesting a word as well as start to think of the basic definition of its sound, which can indicate extra particular things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think about pictures as noises and also incorporating noises with each other allows you to create various words.
And also when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based on basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain might suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas and also noises, which stand for thousands of photos. Yet we’re refrained yet. Since exactly how the scribes created has changed the way we create in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind how our close friend in the temple includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly people read characters created sideways from delegated right. Yet because they were upside-down, they were much more abstract now. Much more various from the photos and points they utilized to represent. This writing system was then embraced by the surrounding Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalized it even more. Variables or tiny characters have actually likewise been contributed to identify which component of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
And also now you have a real creating system.
Original photos, but likewise pictograms changed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus pen after that favored. Which indicates rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock lists right here we have a creating system that can offer us abstract and also lyrical points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When an area burns down and all your records are on clay, as opposed to being damaged, they solidify and stay.
However it won’t occur right here for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.