T11his ability to pass on ideas to us across generations, provide guidelines to share, interact suggestions across the void of space and also time has made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets as well as gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These temples play a huge duty in why writing began. Since Sumer was the country of the initial real cities on the planet.
Not thousands of people or countless individuals, but together tens of thousands. And these cities produced city-states, unified by the prayer of a certain team of gods. Individuals regulated watering and cities grew. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing containers filled with grain right here? These temples additionally acted as big warehouses. Repository for the tremendous wealth of the city. In good times, presents moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with lots of products, relocating to as well as from the temple every day, they needed to maintain documents somehow. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, to ensure that the clergymans might recognize precisely what they contend hand in their giant holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables as well as where the terms are made up of word structure. Both of these points are necessary due to the fact that when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a symbol as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Quit thinking of a symbol suggesting a word and also start to consider the general definition of its audio, which can suggest extra certain points. When you do this, you will not draw images for each word in the language.
Currently you start to think about images as sounds and combining audios with each other allows you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? See him write. See how he writes from top to bottom, equally as you would certainly compose a listing. That will transform quickly, because the trouble with clay is that it takes permanently to completely dry. And also if you accidentally relax your hand while creating from leading to base, you can quickly delete the entire column you simply typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. However sufficient people in the temple really did not like the technology. It was easier for scribes, yet other literate individuals, who needed to read it gained from top to base, so they really did not like this sidewards writing. What did the scribes do? They merely turned all the characters 90 levels so that one might transform the table as well as read it inside out customarily.
Quickly individuals read personalities created laterally from left to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Also extra different from the things and pictures they used to represent. This composing system was after that embraced by the neighboring Akkad as well as Elamites, that generalized it much more. Variables or little personalities have actually likewise been included in establish which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of obscurity.
And also now you have a real writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
However it won’t take place here for some time. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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