T11his ability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to reveal, communicate suggestions throughout the abyss of area as well as time has actually made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding and also self-understanding.
Yet to recognize exactly how writing started, we need to go to old Sumer, where creating first started to be used thoroughly. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge duty in why creating began. Since Sumer was the country of the first real cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these huge, large temple complexes they did not offer only as habitations.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs filled with grain here? These temples also acted as substantial stockrooms. Database for the enormous wide range of the city. In good times, gifts flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of products, relocating to and also from the holy place daily, they required to keep records somehow. As well as that’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, to ensure that the priests might recognize exactly what they have at hand in their gigantic temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a tiny photo of a grain stalk following to his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this good little illustration of grain has been simplified. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster as well as easier ways to tape products, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, but instead they pertained to a mutually agreed set of even more symbolic depictions for items moving into holy areas. And also you can see how a person could happen, that these icons need not just represent the principle of something, yet additionally the word itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The sign for the cow was comprehended not only as an agent of the animal, however additionally as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And right here comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about pictures as sounds and also integrating noises with each other allows you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him compose. See how he creates from top to base, equally as you would write a listing. That will certainly transform quickly, because the trouble with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And also if you accidentally rest your hand while composing from leading to bottom, you can easily remove the whole column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But adequate individuals in the holy place didn’t such as the advancement. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate individuals, who had to review it picked up from top to bottom, so they really did not like this sidewards composing. What did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the personalities 90 degrees so that one could transform the table and also review it inside out as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a real writing system.
Original pictures, yet likewise pictograms changed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus pen then chosen. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted stock lists below we have a composing system that can offer us abstract and also lyrical things like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing point concerning clay: When a location burns down and all your documents are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they solidify as well as continue to be.
Yet it will not take place right here for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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Shodo Lessons – Kanji Writing #01
In this first video of the Kanji Writing Series we take a look at the Kanji of EI (永)meaning eternity. This kanji is very important in the practice of Shodo; it is the foundation of the EIJI HAPPOU (永字八法) or the Eight Principles of EI. EI contains the 8 basics strokes found in all Kanji. Mastery of EI is essential in learning Shodo.
After watching this video you can download on the website the PDF file with the Kanji in the gridded red box. The grid is used to learn composition and proportion.
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