T11his ability to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, provide directions to reveal, interact ideas across the abyss of room and also time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the world, common understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These temples play a big role in why writing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the initial genuine cities in the globe.
Not thousands of individuals or countless individuals, however together tens of thousands. And also these cities produced city-states, united by the praise of a specific team of gods. People managed watering and cities grew. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these enormous, large holy place facilities they did not offer only as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a small image of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. More abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and also much easier ways to videotape commodities, they did not busily attract every sub-item gave the temple, however instead they involved a mutually agreed collection of more symbolic representations for products flowing right into holy areas. As well as you can see how a person can occur, that these icons need not only stand for the idea of something, but additionally the word itself.
Which’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you might hear them, it would sound like everybody was claiming the very same point over as well as over once again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are necessary due to the fact that when several of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think of a sign as a word, but as an audio for that word. Stop reasoning of a symbol indicating a word as well as begin to consider the basic significance of its sound, which can suggest extra details points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about pictures as sounds and incorporating sounds together enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly individuals review personalities composed sideways from entrusted to right. However because they were upside-down, they were much more abstract currently. Also extra different from the pictures and things they made use of to stand for. This creating system was after that embraced by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, who generalised it a lot more. Factors or tiny personalities have actually additionally been contributed to figure out which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
As well as currently you have a real creating system.
Initial images, yet also pictograms changed from them they entirely vanished into the wedge prints and lines created by the stylus then liked. Which suggests rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock lists here we have a composing system that can offer us lyrical and abstract things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we know all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a location burns down as well as all your records get on clay, rather than being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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